The Three Estates

by Rev. Dr. Jonathan Mumme Many Lutherans are familiar with the category of the two kingdoms, but few, at least in English-speaking Lutheranism, are familiar with a category equally important to Luther’s thinking about human beings and their lives with one another: the three estates. Variously named the “the three estates” or “the three hierarchies,”… Read More >

The Reformers on the Ascension

by Rev. Aaron Moldenhauer The Festival of the Ascension marks Jesus’ ascension into heaven forty days after Easter. The scriptural accounts[1] of the event are straightforward. Jesus, while blessing his disciples, is taken up and a cloud hides him from their sight. Two angels appear and tell the disciples that this Jesus will return in… Read More >

The Resurrection of Christians in the Lutheran Confessions

by Rev. Travis Berg The resurrection of the body is the culmination of the Holy Spirit’s work. The Large Catechism’s explanation of the Third Article of the Apostles’ Creed points this out clearly: “I believe that the Holy Spirit makes me holy. . . By the Christian Church, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of… Read More >

Smalcald Articles Study: Invocation of the Saints

by Rev. Michael Schuermann When I jog or walk through my neighborhood, getting exercise, I pass a lovely home down the street. In the corner of it’s well-tended landscaping stands a statue of about 1 foot high. There stands St. Joseph–or, at least, his effigy–the adoptive father of our Lord Jesus Christ. And in the… Read More >

The Four Holy Men: Albrecht Dürer’s Confession of Faith

by Deac. Carolyn Brinkley Both Lutherans and Roman Catholics claim Albrecht Dürer as their own. So what was he? Lutheran or Roman Catholic?  Dürer’s life (1471-1528) spanned the tumultuous period of dynamic social, ecclesiastical, political, and theological change brought about by the Reformation. For years the artist gave visual expression to his ardent Roman Catholic… Read More >

500th Anniversary Summer Reading

by Rev. John Pless A number of pastors have asked for suggestions for recent books on Luther as we are now into the 500th anniversary of the Reformation. What follows is my suggestions for books that would be valuable in a congregational library and for reading by interested laity. Several of these books would serve… Read More >

Melanchthon’s Loci Communes

by Rev. Dr. Jason Lane Locus is the Latin word for “place”. Loci are places. And Loci Communes are common places where one may like to put things, either in the mind or in a book—organized, as if in a physical location, and easy to retrieve when needed. Many, including the ancients (and even Sherlock… Read More >

Concerning Rebaptism

by Rev. Matthew Zickler It was a warm night in May.  I had just finished my junior year of college.  That year had been very influential on me.  I had gotten connected through a Bible study with a non-denominational Christian group called Navigators.  The Lord had used that to draw me to hear that I was… Read More >

Bible Study with Luther: Genesis 3:7-15

by Rev. Paul Doellinger We typically think of our sins as a series of misdeeds, transgressions or mistakes that we make from time to time. However, sin is much more than a misstep here and there. At its root, sin is enmity with God. Sin alienates us from God and gives us a hostile mind… Read More >